Publication: Catalytic Properties of Silver Vanadium Phosphates

Catalytic Properties of Silver Vanadium Phosphates in n-Butane Oxidation-Considerations on the Impact of the [VxOy] Substructure

Authors: A. Karpov, C. K. Dobner, R. Glaum, S. A. Schunk, F. Rosowski

Chemie Ingenieur Technik, Volume 83, Issue 10, pages 1697-1704, October, 2011

Catalysts based on silver vanadium phosphates with a general chemical formula Ag2VPxOd (1 ≤ x ≤ 2; 6 ≤ d ≤ 8) have been prepared and tested in gas phase oxidation of n-butane. This general chemical formula comprises the two known phosphates Ag2(VVO2)PO4 (x = 1; d = 6) and Ag2(VIVO)P2O7 (x = 2; d = 8) and one novel compound with an approximate composition Ag2VIV,VP1.6O7+δ (0 ≤ δ ≤ 0.5). Among the prepared compounds, Ag2(VVO2)PO4 shows the highest activity while Ag2(VIVO)P2O7 is completely inactive. The novel phase Ag2VIV,VP1.6O7+δ (0 ≤ δ ≤ 0.5) is the only compound with selectivity to maleic anhydride. A structure-property relationship for the prepared catalysts is discussed.

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